Provide a 9 pages analysis while answering the following question: Criminal justice class ( Police deception during interrogation). Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. History In the past, there were no common laws that limited the use of deceptive interrogation techniques. However, in the 18th and 19th century, there was an increase in judicial concern over the use of abusive means in obtaining confessions from suspects as evidence in court. In the year 1783, a court in England made the first ever decision to exclude a confession obtained through torture. In the 19th century, an American court followed in the footsteps of the English. Soon, the use of a confession obtained through physical or psychological torture was not allowed (Magid, 2000). Police deception was first discussed in the Supreme Court in the year 1959. The court realized that some false confessions were obtained as a result of fatigue, official pressure, and aroused sympathy resulting from police deception during interrogation (Leo, 2008). In 1966, the court insisted on the application of the 5th amendments protection from compulsory self-incrimination during interrogation by the police. The introduction of Miranda rights further complicated the applicability of deception during interrogation. Despite these rulings, there is no law prohibiting the use of deception during interrogation. Ethical Concern Deception techniques used in police interrogations vary widely.