Hi, I am looking for someone to write an article on employment relations Paper must be at least 2000 words. Please, no plagiarized work! In IBM Australia task characteristics are affected by broader managerial philosophies. The adoption of new managerial policies of human resource management is important in this respect. At one level, a concern for human resources implies investment in training and in the skills of employees. For instance, in 2005 26,4% of the budget ($ 48, 706M) was spent on training and development of employees and 48% was spent on outsourcing (FYI. IBM Global Services, n.d.). Further, given the costs of training for employees using new and complex equipment, there is a strong incentive to provide conditions of employment which reduced turnover. The use of advanced technologies tends to be accompanied by greater job security and generally more favorable terms of employment. IMB Australia seeks to bind employee commitment over the longer term by providing extensive fringe benefits and developing internal labor markets that give good opportunities for advancement up a highly stratified promotion ladder (Arrowsmith & Sisson 2001).Equally important, to the extent that it involves the decentralization of decision-making to employees, whether as individuals or through forms of team decision-making, it is expected to encourage the growth of task discretion and autonomy which has been shown to be so important in employee satisfaction and .motivation. However, as has been seen, there are still substantial doubts about how far human resource management policies have spread within the industry and there are also doubts about how far the emphasis on decentralization of decision-making is rhetoric or reality. .Other tensions within the employment relationship impinge upon the rules of employment and power relationships. IBM Australia management is about the achievement of organizational goals through people so managers are successful to the extent that these goals coincide with the aims and aspirations of those people, be they, workers, or customers.